What is Open Access?
Open Access means unrestricted online access to articles published in scholarly journals. This is achieved by research results either being published in Open Access journals, which gives free access for everyone, or by uploading research and making it available through open publishing archives. (Original text from openaccess.no.)
Who is this useful for?
Researchers: Their research can be spread wider, and they can access other people's research more easily.
Funding institutions can achieve a bigger return on investments.
Knowledge companies gain free access to state of the art research.
Professionals such as health personell or lawyers, or privat persons with an academic interest, will be able to keep up to date more easily.
Research institutions will be able to collect their publications in electronic archives and spread the research of their employees. (Original text from openaccess.no.)
Which advantages can Open Access give you as a researcher?
Research results which are freely accessible online have a proven citation advantage over results which can only be found in subscription based channels. All research is based on previous results, and by making research more widely available, faster, will make research work more effective and prevent duplication. Open Access can also benefit the society in general. Professionals outside the academic world, for example in the health sector or in knowledge intensive companies, will benefit greatly from better access to scientific information. (Original text from openaccess.no.)
The paths to Open Access
- Gold Open Access - lets publishers decide whether to make their scientific journals available online free of charge or at a cost. The expenses of publishing are covered by the author, by the institution where the author is employed, or the journal is funded by organisations such as Norges forskningsråd.
- Green Open Access - makes peer reviewed scientific articles available in open archives, institutional or subject specific. For example the DUO research archive at the University of Oslo.
- Hybrid journal - individual articles in subscription journals are made openly available by paying a publishing fee. The UiO publishing fund does not cover hybrid Open Access publishing.
Mor information about Open Access
There are several good websites which cover Open Access. We have chosen a selection for those who wish to study the subject more in depth.
- Openaccess.no - Norwegian website about Open Access. Maintained by CRIStin.
- The Public Library of Science has a research perspective on Open Access.
- Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) works towards innovation in scientific communication
- The three B's make up the foundation of Open Access
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