What is referencing?
To reference means giving accurate information about the sources you have used in your work, both in your running text (in footnotes or in the text itself) and in a list of works cited or a bibliography.
Through referencing, you demonstrate:
- that you master an essential element of academic writing
- that you have understood the norms of scientific integrity
Referencing is essential, since it demonstrates the integrity required in academic works. At the university, we are expected to comply with:
- established scientific norms. Our arguments and claims must be open to testing and criticism. Correct use of sources and references are elements in ensuring this.
- formal rules. Assignments to be assessed and research intended for publication should be the result of our own efforts and what we have learned. By referencing sources correctly we show what we have read and what we base our claims on.
Both researchers and students are responsible for complying with these norms and rules.