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M.Phil. in International Community Health - Reading lists

Basic text of the course


Lindstrand A. Global health: an introductory textbook. Lund: Studentlitteratur; 2007. 326 s.


Matrix courses - Module 1

Child Health

Required Literature

Semba RD, Bloem MW, Piot P. Nutrition and health in developing countries. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2008. XXIII, 931 s.
Book                                               E-book

  • Chapter 1: Nutrition and Development: A historical perspective (32 pages)
  • Chapter 3: Low birth weight and neonatal mortality (24 pages)
  • Chapter 4: Infant Mortality (26 pages)
  • Chapter 5: Child growth and development (26 pages)
  • Chapter 12: Malnutrition (36 pages)

Lindstrand A. Global health: an introductory textbook. Lund: Studentlitteratur; 2007. 326 s.
Chapter 3

Ebrahim GJ. Paediatric Practice in Developing Countries. London: MacMillan; 1993. VI, 345 s.
Chapter 2,3,22 and 29

Marc Lallemant et al. 2011. Pediatric HIV — A Neglected Disease?
New Engl J  Med 365 (7): 581-583 (3 pages)

Benjamin Caballero. 2005. A Nutrition Paradox — Underweight and Obesity in Developing Countries. New Engl  j Med, 352 (15): 1514-1516. (3 pages).

Susan P Walker et al. 2011, Inequality in early childhood: risk and protective factors for early child development. The Lancet Vol 378: 1325-1338 (14 pages).


Recommended Literature

Bergström S. Perinatal health care with limited resources. London: MacMillan; 1994. XIV, 186 s.
Chapter 1 and 12

Lankinen KS. Health and disease in developing countries. London: Macmillan; 1994. XII, 586 s.

  • Part I .Chapter 5: Infant Mortality and Birth Rates (12 pages
  • Part III. Chapter 29: Integrated Management of the Sick Child  (6 pages)
  • Part III. Chapter 30: Perinatal Health (10 pages)
  • Part III. Chapter 31: Malnutrition in Children  (8 pages)
  • Part IV. Chapter 48: Prevention of Infectious Diseases by Immunisation (10 pages)

Himes JR. Implementing the Convention on the Rights of the Child: resource mobilization in low-income countries. The Hague: Nijhoff; 1995. XV, 262 s.

The Lancet Child survival series-2003: specially the article:
Julie Knoll Rajaratnam, et al.  Neonatal, post neonatal, childhood, and under-5 mortality for 187 countries, 1970—2010: a systematic analysis of progress towards Millennium Development Goal 4.
The Lancet, Volume 375, Issue 9730, Pages 1988 - 2008, 5 June 2010

The Lancet’s Series on Maternal and Child Undernutrition -2008:

Sarah Boseley.  Robert Black: Time to tackle undernutrition
The Lancet, Volume 371, Issue 9608, 19–25 January 2008, Page 197

International baby food network

Sumner, A. and Melamed, C. MDGs and beyond – Institute for Development Studies IDS Bulletin 41.1 (120 pages)

W. Henry Mosley and Lincoln C.Chen. An analytical Framework for the study of child survival in Developing countries. Population and Development review, Vol 10, 1984, 25-45

Sabates R, Wheeler R. 2011. The transformative Social Protection Programming for Children and their carers: A gender perspective. Gender and Development 19(2):179-194 (15 pages)

Shiffman, J. Issue attention in global health: the case of newborn survival. Lancet 375(9730):2045-2049 (4 pages)

UNICEF. 2011.  State of the World’s Children. New York: UNICEF.

UN women annual report 2010-2011

UN. 2010. Global Strategy for Women's and Children's Health.  New York: UN.


Human and Microbial Ecology

Required Literature

Levinson W. Review of medical microbiology and immunology. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical; 2010. VIII, 632 s.
Part I, chapters: 1-13
Part II, chapters: 14-21
Part III, chapters: 28, 32, 33, 36
Part IV, chapters 41, 42, 45
Part VI, chapters: 51, 52, 54, 55, 56
Part VII, chapters: 57, 58, 59, 60, 61


Recommended Literature

  • The rest of the book
  • Articles:
  1. Casaevall A & Pirofski LA. 1999. Host-pathogen interactions: re-defining the basic concepts of virulence and pathogenicity. Infection and Immunity. 67: 3703 - 3713.
  2. Frank SA & Schmid-hempel P. 2007. Mechanisms of pathogenesis and the evolution of parasite virulence. Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 21: 396 – 404.
  3. Klein SL, 2003. Parasite manipulation of the proximate mechanisms that mediate social behavior in vertebrates. Physiology and Behavior. 79: 441-449.
  4. Escobedo G et al. 2005. Parasite regulation by host hormones: an old mechanism of host exploitation? Trends in Parasitology. 21: 588- 593.
  5. Tebit DM & Arts E. 2011. Tracking a centruy of global expansion and evolution of HIV to drive understanding and to combat disease. Lancet. 11: 45 – 56.
  6. Skar H, Hedskog C, & Albert J. 2011. HIV-1 evolution in relation to molecular epidemiology and antiretroviral resistance. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 2030: 108 – 118.
  7. FOX AM. 2011. The social determinants of HIV serostatus in sub-Saharan Africa: an inverse relationship between poverty and HIV?. Public Health Reports. 125: 16 – 24.
  8. Hull MW & Montaner J. 2011. Antiretroviral therapy: a key component of a comprehensive HIV prevention strategy. Current HIV/AIDS Report. 8: 85 – 93.
  9. Gubler DJ. 1998. Resurgent vector-borne diseases as a global health problem. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 4: 1-7
  10. 10. Kuiken T et al. 2003. Emerging viral infections in a rapidly changing world. Current Opinion in Biotechnology. 14:641-646.
  11. Gould EA et al. 2006. Potential arbovirus emergence and implications for the United Kingdom. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 12: 549-555.
  12. Zhang Y et al. 2011. Climate change and the transmission of vector-borne diseases: a review. Asia-Pasific Journal of Public Health. 20: 64-76.
  13. Raviglione M et al. 2012. Scaling up interventions to achieve global tuberculosis control: progress and new developments. The Lancet. 379: 1902-1913.
  14. Gryseels B et al. 2006. Human schistosomiasis. The Lancet. 368: 1106-1118.
  15. Molyneux D et al. 2011. Neglected tropical diseases and the Millenium Development Goals-why the “other diseases” matter: reality versus rhetoric. Parsites and Vectors. 4: 234.
  16. Lustigman S et al. 2012. A research agenda for helminth diseases of humans: the problem of helmintiasis. Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases. 6(4): 1-13
  17. Hemingway J et al. 2006. The innovative vector control consortium: improved control of mosquito-borne diseases. Trends in Parasitology. 22: 308-312.
  18. Simpson CP et al. 2012. Current concepts: Dengue. The New England Journal of Medicine. 366: 1423-1431.
  19. Racloz V et al. 2012. Surveillance of dengue fever virus: a review of epidemiological models and early warning systems. PLos Neglected Tropical Diseases. 6: 1-9.
  20. Cohen JM et al. 2012.  Malaria resurgence: a systematic review and assessment of causes. BMC Malaria Journal. 11: 122
  21. Michael T White et al. 2011. Costs and costeffectiveness of malaria control interventions-a systematic review. BMC Malaria Journal. 10:337
  22. Pulendran B & Ahmed R. 2011. Immunological mechanisms of vaccination. Nature Immunology. 12: 509-517
  23. Black S et al. 2010. A crisis of public confidence in vaccines. Science of Translation Medicine. 2: 1-6.
  24. Polan GA & Jacobson RM. 2001. Understanding those who do not understand: a brief review of the anti-vaccine movement. Vaccine. 19: 2440-2445.
  25. Gangarosa EJ. Et al. 1998. Impact of anti-vaccine movementson pertussis control. The untold story. Lancet. 351: 356-361.
  26. Rybicki EP. 2010. Plant-made vaccines for humans and animals. Plant Biotechnology Journal. 8: 620-637.
  27. Zoonoses and veterinary public health.
  28. Gyssens IC. 2011. Antibiotic policy. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents. 38 Supplement :11-20.


Patients, Pills, Policies and Profits: Use of medicines in a Global Society

Required Literature

Global pharmaceutical policy

Dukes MNG. The law and ethics of the pharmaceutical industry. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 2006. X, 409 s.
Book                                       E-Book   
Chapter 1
Chapter 6

Dukes, G: What do we do about traditional medicine? Article written for the course.

Use of traditional medicines:

Michael Heinrich:Ethnobotany and Natural Products: The Search for New Molecules, New Treatments of Old Diseases or a Better Understanding of Indigenous Cultures? Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry 2003, 3, 141-154.

Svarstad H, Dhillion SS. Responding to bioprospecting: from biodiversity in the south to medicines in the north. Oslo: Spartacus; 2000. 220 s.

Diallo D, Paulsen BS: Pharmaceutical research and traditional practitioners in Mali: Experiences with benefit sharing. p. 133-144



Jin J, Sklar GE, Min Sen Oh V, Chuen Li S. Factors affecting therapeutic compliance: A review from the patient's perspective. Ther Clin Risk Manag 2008; 4: 269-86.

Teaching the public:

Aubel, J., Rabei, H., Mukhtar., M (1991): Health workers’ attitudes can create communication barriers. World Health Forum Vol 12 (handed out to all students)

Chetley, A. & al (2007): How to improve the use of Medicines by consumers. Geneva : WHO, 2007

Chapters 1and 2. Chapter 5 is recommended reading.

Counterfeit medicines:

Rudolf PM, Bernstein IB. Counterfeit drugs. N Engl J Med 2004; 350: 1384-6

HIV/AIDS research:

Weiser S. et al. Barriers to Antiretroviral Adherence for Patients Living with HIV infection and AIDS in Botswana. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2003; 34(3): 281-8.

Shabbar J. et al. Antiretroviral treatment in resource-poor settings: public health research priorities. Tropical medicine & international health. 2005; 10(4): 295 -299

Essential drugs and drug pricing:

The selection of essential medicines. WHO Policy Perspectives on Medicines no. 4, 2002 - English - French - Spanish

Drug donations:

World Health Organization: Guidelines for drug donations. Revised 1999

Recommended Literature

Homede N ; Ugalde A.
Review article: Patients' compliance with medical treatments in the third world. What do we know?
Health policy and planning. 1993; 8:291-314.

Le Grand A; Hogerzeil HV; Haaijer-Ruskamp FM.
Intervention research in rational use of drugs: a review.
Health policy and planning. 1999; 14:89-102.

Loevinsohn, B. P.
Health education interventions in developing countries: a methodological review of published articles.
Int J Epidemiol. 1990 Dec; 19(4):788-94.

Marsh, V. M.; Mutemi, W. M.; Muturi, J.; Haaland, A.; Watkins, W. M.; Otieno, G., and Marsh, K.
Changing home treatment of childhood fevers by training shop keepers in rural Kenya.
Trop Med Int Health. 1999 May; 4(5):383-9.

Ross-Degnan, D.; Soumerai, S. B.; Goel, P. K.; Bates, J.; Makhulo, J.; Dondi, N.; Sutoto; Adi, D.; Ferraz-Tabor, L., and Hogan, R.
The impact of face-to-face educational outreach on diarrhoea treatment in pharmacies.
Health policy and planning. 1996 Sep; 11(3):308-18.


Matrix courses - Module 2

Disability and Ageing

Course content and objectives:

Cohen, Lawrence (1995):  Toward an Anthropology of Senility: Anger, Weakness and Alzheimer`s in Banaras, India”, Medical Anthropology Quarterly 9(2) 314-334.

Ingstad B, Whyte SR. Disability in local and global worlds. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press; 2007. IX, 324 s.
Ingstad, Benedicte and Susan R. Whyte: "Introduction: disability connections", p. 1-26.

Oppong, Christina (2006): Familial Roles and Social Transformations: Older Men and Women in Sib-Saharan Africa. Research on aging , 28(6): 654-668.

Ingstad B, Whyte SR. Disability in local and global worlds. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press; 2007. IX, 324 s.
Traphagan, Johan: "Moral discourse and Old-age disability in Japan", p. 259-283.


Non-Communicable Diseases

Required Literature

WHO: Definition, Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus and its Complications 1999.

Jervell, J: An update on diabetes mellitus 2000

DeFronzo RA. International textbook of diabetes mellitus. Chichester: Wiley; 2004. 2 b.


Community nutrition

Willett W. Nutritional epidemiology. New York: Oxford University Press; 2013. XIV, 514 s.
Book                     E-Book

Trahms CM, Pipes PL. Nutrition in infancy and childhood. [S.l.]: WCB/McGraw-Hill; 1997. XV, 458 s.

Training modules for household surveys on health and nutrition. Geneva: Epidemiological and Statistical Methodology Unit, WHO; 1988. 241 s.

Semba RD, Bloem MW, Piot P. Nutrition and health in developing countries. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2008. XXIII, 931 s.
Book                        E-Book

Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases: report of a Joint WHO/FAO Expert Consultation. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2003. X, 149 s.

Contento IR. Nutrition education: linking research, theory, and practice. Boston: Jones and Bartlett Publishers; 2011. 444 s.


Matrix courses - Module 3 (INTHE4000)

Reproductive health

Required Literature

Maternal Mortality: Is Pregnancy Getting Safer for Women?
Reproductive Health Matters  Volume 15, Number 30, November 2007

Sundby, Johanne: Young People's sexual and reproductive health rights.
Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gyneaecol. 2006 Jun;20(3):355-68

The Lancet Sexual & reproductive health series

Grimes DA, Benson J, Singh S, Romero M, Ganatra B, Okonofua FE, Shah IH.
Unsafe abortion: the preventable pandemic
Lancet. 2006 Nov 25;368(9550):1908-19

Shaw D:Sexual and reproductive health: rights and responsibilities
Lancet. 2006 Dec 2;368(9551):1941-3

WHO, 2010, Estimates of Maternal Mortality

Recommended and supplementary reading

Cook RJ, Dickens BM, Fathalla MF. Reproductive health and human rights: integrating medicine, ethics, and law. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2003. XXVII, 554 s.
Pages 3-60.

Lindstrand A. Global health: an introductory textbook. Lund: Studentlitteratur; 2007. 326 s.
Chapter 9 and 10

Lawson JB, Harrison KA, Bergström S. Maternity care in developing countries. London: RCOG Press; 2001. XII, 422 s.
Three first chapters.

Glasier A, Gülmezoglu AM, Schmid GP, Moreno CG, Van Look PF.
Sexual and reproductive health: a matter of life and death.
Full text via SFX: Lancet. 2006 Nov 4;368(9547):1595-607

Wellings K, Collumbien M, Slaymaker E, Singh S, Hodges Z, Patel D, Bajos N.
Sexual behaviour in context: a global perspective
Full text via SFX: Lancet. 2006 Nov 11;368(9548):1706-28

Cleland J, Bernstein S, Ezeh A, Faundes A, Glasier A, Innis J.
Family planning: the unfinished agenda
Full text via SFX: Lancet. 2006 Nov 18;368(9549):1810-27

Low N, Broutet N, Adu-Sarkodie Y, Barton P, Hossain M, Hawkes S.
Global control of sexually transmitted infections
Full text via SFX: Lancet. 2006 Dec 2;368(9551):2001-16

Fathalla MF, Sinding SW, Rosenfield A, Fathalla MM.
Sexual and reproductive health for all: a call for action
Full text via SFX: Lancet. 2006 Dec 9;368(9552):2095-100

Langer A
Cairo after 12 years: successes, setbacks, and challenges
Full text via SFX: Lancet. 2006 Nov 4;368(9547):1552-4

Rooney C. Antenatal care and maternal health: how effective is it? Genova: World Health Organization; 1992. 74 s.

World Health Organization
Antenatal Care Randomized Trial: Manual for the Implementation of the New Model

Care in normal birth: a practical guide. Geneva: WHO; 1996. 54 s.
Free full text

Ravindran TKS, Cottingham J. Transforming health systems: gender and rights in reproductive health : a training curriculum for health programme managers. Geneva: World Health Organization. Department of Reproductive Health and Research; 2001. II, 492 s.
Free full text

World Health Organization Collaborating Centre on Environmental Health Risk A, Communication. Managing complications in pregnancy and childhood: a guide for midwives and doctors. Geneva: World health organization; 2001. 1 v
Free full text

World Health Organization Department of Reproductive H, Research. Medical eligibility criteria for contraceptive use. Geneva: WHO; 2004. 1b
Free full text

World Health Organization. Department of Reproductive Health and Research
Global Action for Skilled Attendants for Pregnant Women. 2002. 34 p.
Free full text

World Health Organization
Safe abortion: Technical and policy guidance for health systems. 2012. 123 p.
Free full text

World Health Organization. Department of Reproductive Health and Research
Female Genital Mutilation Integrating the prevention and the management of
the health complications into the curricula of nursing and midwifery - A student's
manual 2001 - 103 pages
Free full text


World Health Organization. Department of Reproductive Health and Research
The WHO reproductive health library. 6 [elektronisk ressurs]. - Geneva
: World health organization, 2003. - 1 optisk plate (CD-ROM).

World Health Organization
Gender analysis in health- A review of selected tools
Free full text

Reproductive health library, a guide to evidence based practice

Inhorn MC, Balen Fv. Infertility around the globe: new thinking on childlessness, gender, and reproductive technologies. Berkeley: University of California Press; 2001. VIII, 347 s.
For special interest.



Course content to be updated

Required Literature

Lindstrand A. Global health: an introductory textbook. Lund: Studentlitteratur; 2007. 326 s.
Chapter 5.2, p. 143-153

Barnett T, Whiteside A. Aids in the twenty-first century: disease and globalization. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan; 2006. XIV, 449 s.
pp. 71-100,pp.197-209,pp.238-261,pp.341-373.

Gupta GR, Parkhurst JO, Ogden JA, Aggleton P, Mahal A.  2008.  Structural approaches to HIV prevention. Lancet 372(9640):764-75.

Obermeyer, Carla Makhlouf
Reframing research on sexual behaviour and HIV.
Stud Fam Plann. 2005;36(1):1-12

Parker, R, and P Aggleton. (2003). HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination: a conceptual framework and implications for action. Soc Sci Med 57 (2003) 13 – 24.

Poundstone, K.E., S.A. Strathdee, and D.D. Celentano. (2004). The Social Epidemiology of Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. Epidemiologic Reviews Vol.26, 2004.

UNAIDS Global Facts and Figures

  • The Global AIDS epidemic
  • The ’Latest Epidemiological Trends’ Fact Sheet for your geographical region

WHO (2009). HIV and infant feeding: Revised Principles and Recommendations Rapid Advice

Recommended Literature

UNAIDS/WHO (2009).  AIDS Epidemic Update:  December 2009.

UNAIDS Understanding the latest estimates of the 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic – Q & A on methodology on HIV estimates

WHO/UNAIDS (2004). Guidance on Ethics and Equitable Access to HIV Treatment and Care,  Geneva

WHO (2009).  Rapid advice: antiretroviral therapy for HIV infection in adults and adolescents

WHO (2010). Rapid advice: use of antiretroviral drugs for treating pregnant women and preventing HIV infection in infants, version 2

Ties Boermaa J., Weir S.S. (2005). Integrating Demographic and Epidemiological Approaches to Research on HIV/AIDS: The Proximate Determinants Framework. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 191 (suppl 1) 61 – 67.

Various websites:


WHO.Global coalition on Women and AIDS


International Center for Research on Women (ICRW)


Methodology courses (INTHE4000)

Introduction to statistics

Required Literature

Campbell MJ, Swinscow TDV. Statistics at square one. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell/BMJ Books; 2009. IV, 188 s.

Recommended Literature

Altman DG. Practical statistics for medical research. London: Chapman and Hall; 1991. XII, 611 s.


Introduction to epidemiology

Required Literature

(you may choose one of these books under required literature)

Coggon D, Rose G, Barker DJP. Epidemiology for the uninitiated. London: BMJ Books; 2003. V, 73 s.

Bonita R, Beaglehole R, Kjellstrøm T. Basic epidemiology. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2006. xi, 213 s.
Book                           E-book

Recommended Literature

Altman DG. Practical statistics for medical research. London: Chapman and Hall; 1991. XII, 611 s.

Rothman KJ. Epidemiology: an introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2012. VIII, 268 s.

Varkevisser CM, Pathmanathan I, Brownlee A. Designing and conducting health systems research projects. Amsterdam: KIT Publishers; 2003. 2 b.

Holstein JA, Gubrium JF. Inside interviewing: new lenses, new concerns. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage; 2003. 557 s.
Book                      E-book
P. 415-428: Atkinson, P. and A. Coffy :Revisiting the relationship between participant observation and interviewing.

Bernard HR. Research methods in anthropology: qualitative and quantitative approaches. Lanham, Md.: AltaMira Press; 2011. XIII, 665 s.
P.186-209: Nonprobability Sampling and Choosing Informants.

Gubrium JF, Holstein JA. Postmodern interviewing. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications; 2003. 287 s.
Book                        E-Book
p. 67-80:Holstein, J. A. and J. F. Gubrium. Active Interviewing

Morgan DL. Focus groups as qualitative research. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications; 1997. VIII, 80 s.
Book                  E-Book
Morgan, D. (1997): Planning and research design for focus groups (pp. 31-45)  and Conducting and analyzing focus groups (pp.45-64)

Morgan DL. Successful focus groups: advancing the state of the art. Newbury Park, Calif.: Sage; 1993. XV, 271 s.
Pp. 3-19:Morgan, D. og Krueger, R.A. (1993): When to use Focus Groups and why.

Minkler M: Using Participatory Action Research to build Healthy Communities.
Public Health Rep. 2000 Mar–Jun; 115(2-3): 191–197.

Murphy, E., & Dingwall, R. (2007). Informed consent, anticipatory regulation and ethnographic practice.
Social Science & Medicine, 65(11), 2223-2234.

Anne-Lise Middelthon (2005): A Room for Reflection: Self-Observation and Transformation in Participatory HIV Prevention Work.
Medical Anthropology Quarterly, Vol 19 no 4 pp 419-436


Publisert 21. mar. 2013 11:14 - Sist endret 19. aug. 2014 10:54