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Different types of evidence syntheses

Information about different types of review articles and evidence syntheses.

Literature reviews

There are many different types of review articles. Some are systematic, whilst others are not.

Systematic or non-systematic

What distinguishes a systematic review or evidence synthesis from a non-systematic one is a predefined, systematic, explicit, and replicable method. The purpose of most systematic reviews is to summarize all relevant studies that answer a clearly defined question.

Evidence synthesis

We have chosen to use the term evidence synthesis. This includes all reviews which apply a systematic approach, such as systematic reviews and scoping reviews.

Descriptions and classification of different types of reviews

The article "Meeting the review family: exploring review types and associated information retrieval requirements" by Sutton et al. provides an introduction and overview of different types of review articles.

Sutton, Anthea, Clowes, Mark, Preston, Louise, & Booth, Andrew. (2019). Meeting the review family: exploring review types and associated information retrieval requirements. Health Information and Libraries Journal36(3), 202–222. https://doi.org/10.1111/hir.12276Access to full text for UiO users.

The last author of the article above, Andrew Booth, is also behind the 2018 webinar "Fifty Shades of Review".

Which type is right for you?

Are you unsure about what kind of review to write? You may find these tools useful.

Right Review

Tool developed by the Knowledge Translation Program at Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital in Canada. Fill in the form and get suggestions for types of reviews and links to methodology literature and other aids.

What Type of Review is Right for You

Flowchart from Cornell University Library in the USA.

Published Dec. 9, 2021 9:37 AM - Last modified June 21, 2022 9:01 AM